Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955)
He was born in Württemberg, Germany,Einstein’s family was Jewish, but was not very religious.
Albert did not begin speaking until after age two. According to his younger sister, Maja, “He had such difficulty with language that those around him feared he would never learn”.When Albert was around four, his father gave him a magneticcompass. Albert tried hard to understand how the needle could seem to move itself so that it always pointed north. The needle was in a closed case, so clearly nothing like wind could be pushing the needle around, and yet it moved. So in this way he became interested in studying science and mathematics. His compass inspired him to explore the world of science.
The Einsteins were non-observant Ashkenazi Jews, and Albert attended a Catholic elementary school in Munich, from the age of 5, for three years. At the age of 8, he was transferred to the Luitpold Gymnasium (now known as the Albert Einstein Gymnasium), where he received advanced primary and secondary school education until he left the German Empire seven years later.
Einstein received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921.
Einstein is well known for his theories about light, matter, gravity, space, and time.
He published more than 301 scientific papers and over 150 non-scientific works. Albert received honorary doctorate degrees in science, medicine and philosophy from many European and American universities.
On praise of his genius, Einstein humbly stated, “I am not a genius, I am just curious. I ask many questions. and when the answer is simple,then God is answering”. His intellectual achievements and originality have made the word “Einstein” synonymous with “genius”.Eugene Wigner wrote of Einstein in comparison to his contemporaries that “Einstein’s understanding was deeper even than Jancsi von Neumann’s. His mind was both more penetrating and more original than von Neumann’s. And that is a very remarkable statement.”